NUCAPT Literature Database

From NUCAPT

141–150 of 181 records found matching your query (RSS):


Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print
  Records Links
Type Lee, Woei-Shyan; Chen, Tao-Hsing; Lin, Chi-Feng; Chen, Ming-Shiang
  Publication Impact deformation behaviour and dislocation substructure of Al-Sc alloy Volume Journal Article
Pages 2010
  Abstract Journal of Alloys and Compounds  
  Corporate Author  
Publisher 493  
Editor 1-2
  Summary Language 580-589 Series Editor Al-Sc alloy; Strain rate sensitivity; Activation volume; Adiabatic shear band; Dislocation; Precipitates  
Abbreviated Series Title This paper employs a compressive split-Hopkinson pressure bar to investigate the impact deformation behaviour of Al-Sc alloy under high strain rates of 1.2103s-1, 3.2103s-1 and 5.8103s-1, respectively, and temperatures of -100C, 25C and 300C. It is shown that for a constant temperature, the flow stress, work hardening rate and strain rate sensitivity increase with increasing strain rate, while the activation volume decreases. Conversely, for a constant strain rate, the flow stress, work hardening rate and strain rate sensitivity decrease with increasing temperature, while the activation volume increases. It is found that the impact deformation behaviour of Al-Sc alloy can be accurately described using the Zerilli-Armstrong constitutive equation. Optical microscopy (OM) observations reveal that the specimens fail principally as the result of an adiabatic shearing mechanism. Furthermore, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations show that the fracture surfaces are characterised by a dimple-like structure, which indicates a ductile failure mode. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations indicate that the dislocation density and cell size are related to the strain rate, flow stress and temperature. Finally, the TEM observations suggest that the strengthening effect observed in the deformed Al-Sc alloy is the result of Al3Sc precipitates within the matrix and at the grain boundaries, which suppress dislocation motion and prompt an increase in the work hardening stress.
  Series Issue ISSN  
Medium
  Expedition Notes (up)  
Call Number  
Contribution Id  
Serial URL ISBN  
0925-8388 no NU @ karnesky @ 10784
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Lee, Woei-Shyan; Chen, Tao-Hsing; Lin, Chi-Feng; Lu, Ging-Ting Adiabatic Shearing Localisation in High Strain Rate Deformation of Al-Sc Alloy Journal Article 2010 Materials Transactions 51 7 1216-1221 aluminium-scandium alloy, strain rate sensitivity, adiabatic shearing, precipitates Aluminium-scandium (Al-Sc) alloy is subjected to shear deformation at high strain rates ranging from 3.0×105 s−1 to 6.2×105 s−1 using a compressive-type split-Hopkinson pressure bar (SHPB). The effects of the strain rate on the shear stress, adiabatic shear band characteristics, and fracture features of the Al-Sc alloy are systematically examined. The results show that both the shear stress and the strain rate sensitivity increase with an increasing strain rate. In addition, it is shown that an adiabatic shear band is formed within the deformed specimens for all values of the strain rate. As the strain rate is increased, the width of the shear band decreases, but the microhardness increases. Moreover, the distortion angle and the magnitude of the local shear strain near the shear band both increase with an increasing strain rate. At a strain rate of 3.0×105 s−1, the fracture surface is characterised by multiple transgranular clearage fractures. However, for strain rates greater than 4.4×105 s−1, the fracture surface has a transgranular dimple-like characteristic, and thus it is inferred that the ductility of the Al-Sc alloy improves with an increasing strain rate. no NU @ karnesky @ 10917
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Rogozhkin, S.V.; Aleev, A.A.; Zaluzhnyi, A.G.; Nikitin, A.A.; Iskandarov, N.A.; Vladimirov, P.; Lindau, R.; Möslang, A. Atom probe characterization of nano-scaled features in irradiated ODS Eurofer steel Journal Article 2011 Journal of Nuclear Materials 409 2 94-99 ODS steel; ODS Eurofer; clusters; irradiation; fast neutron Our previous investigations of unirradiated ODS Eurofer by tomographic atom probe (TAP) revealed numerous nano-scaled features (nanoclusters) enriched in vanadium, yttrium and oxygen. In this work the effect of neutron irradiation on nanostructure behaviour of ODS Eurofer (9%-CrWVTa) was investigated. The irradiation was performed in the research reactor BOR-60 (Dimitrovgrad, Russia) where materials were irradiated at 330°S to 32 dpa. TAP studies were performed on the needles prepared from parts of broken Charpy specimens. For all specimens except one, which was tested at 500°C, the Charpy tests were performed at temperatures not exceeding the irradiation temperature. A high number density 2÷4×1024 m-3 of ultra fine 1-3 nm diameter nanoclusters enriched in yttrium, oxygen, manganese and chromium was observed in the as-irradiated state. The composition of detected clusters differs from that for unirradiated ODS Eurofer. It was observed in this work that after neutron irradiation vanadium atoms had left the clusters, moving from the core into solid solution. The concentrations of yttrium and oxygen in the matrix, as it was detected, increase several times under irradiation. In the samples tested at 500°C both the number density of clusters and the yttrium concentration in the matrix decrease by a factor of two. 0022-3115 no NU @ karnesky @ 10946
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Aleev, A.A.; Iskandarov, N.A.; Klimenkov, M.; Lindau, R.; Möslang, A.; Nikitin, A.A.; Rogozhkin, S.V.; Vladimirov, P.; Zaluzhnyi, A.G. Investigation of oxide particles in unirradiated ODS Eurofer by tomographic atom probe Journal Article 2011 Journal of Nuclear Materials 409 2 65-71 Ods; atom probe tomography; precipitation Oxide dispersion strengthened steels possess better high-temperature creep and radiation resistance than conventionally produced ferritic/martensitic steels. This behavior is mainly caused by the presence of highly dispersed and extremely stable oxide particles with diameters of a few nanometers. In this work the nanostructure of ODS Eurofer steel was investigated by means of tomographic atom probe and correlations with recent TEM and SANS studies were derived. The present investigation revealed nanoscaled clusters of typically 2 nm diameter containing not only yttrium and oxygen but also vanadium and nitrogen. Moreover, concentration of vanadium in particles was found to be higher than that of yttrium, which indicates the importance of these elements in cluster formation. The estimated average cluster number density is about 2×1024 m-3. These enriched zones might be evidently attributed to precursors of the larger precipitates observed by TEM. This conclusion is also supported by the similarities of the chemical composition inside enriched zones seen in both atomic probe and TEM data. 0022-3115 no NU @ karnesky @ 10951
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Michler, Thorsten; Lee, Yongwon; Gangloff, Richard P.; Naumann, Joerg Influence of macro segregation on hydrogen environment embrittlement of SUS 316L stainless steel Journal Article 2009 International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 34 7 3201-3209 Hydrogen embrittlement; Austenitic stainless steel; Macro segregation; Nickel The objective of this work is to identify microstructural variables that lead to the large scatter of the relative resistance of 316 grade stainless steels to hydrogen environment embrittlement. In slow displacement rate tensile testing, two almost identical (by nominal chemical composition) heats of SUS 316L austenitic stainless steel showed significantly different susceptibilities to HEE cracking. Upon straining, drawn bar showed a string-like duplex microstructure consisting of [alpha]'-martensite and [gamma]-austenite, whereas rolled plate exhibited a highly regular layered [alpha]'-[gamma] structure caused by measured gradients in local Ni content (9.5-13 wt%). Both martensite and austenite are intrinsically susceptible to HEE. However, due to Ni macro segregation and microstructural heterogeneity, fast H-diffusion in martensite layers supported a 10 times faster H-enhanced crack growth rate and thus reduced tensile reduction in area. Nickel segregation is thus a primary cause of the high degree of variability in H2 cracking resistance for different product forms of 316 stainless steel. 0360-3199 no NU @ karnesky @ 10957
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Rogozkin, S.; Chernobaeva, A.; Aleev, A.; Nikitin, A.; Zaluzhnyi, A.; Erak, D.; Shtrombakh, Ya.; Zabusov, O.; Debarberis, L.; Zeman, A. The Effect of Post-Irradiation Annealing on VVER-440 RPV Materials Mechanolocal Properties and Nano-Structure Under Re-Irradiation Journal Article 2009 ASME Conference Proceedings ASME Conf. Proc. 2009 43703 553-562 The present work provides the analyses of embrittlement behavior and atom probe tomography study of nano-structure evolution of VVER-440 RPV materials under irradiation and re-irradiation. Specimens from VVER-440 weld with high level of cupper (0.16 wt.%) and phosphorus (0.0270.038 wt.%) were irradiated in surveillance channels of Rovno Nuclear Power plant unit 1 (Ro-1). The embrittlement behavior has been assessed by transition temperature shift. Asme no NU @ karnesky @ 10983
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Darling, K.A.; VanLeeuwen, B.K.; Semones, J.E.; Koch, C.C.; Scattergood, R.O.; Kecskes, L.J.; Mathaudhu, S.N. Stabilized Nanocrystalline Iron-based Alloys: Guiding Efforts in Alloy Selection Journal Article 2011 Materials Science and Engineering: A In Press Accepted Manuscript Mechanical Alloying; Grain Growth; Interfaces; Recrystallization and Nanostructured Materials Using a modified regular solution model for grain boundary solute segregation, the relative thermal stability of a number of Fe-based nanocrystalline binary alloys was predicted with considerable accuracy. It was found that nanocrystalline iron was strongly stabilized by zirconium, moderately stabilized by tantalum, and not significantly stabilized by nickel or chromium. These findings are fully in line with the aforementioned predictions. This success with iron based alloys highlights the utility of this practical approach to selecting stabilizing solutes for nanocrystalline alloys. 0921-5093 no NU @ karnesky @ 11038
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Kim, Jeong Kil; Kim, Yeong Ho; Lee, Bong Ho; Kim, Kyoo Young New findings on intergranular corrosion mechanism of stabilized stainless steels Journal Article 2011 Electrochimica Acta ADVANCES IN CORROSION SCIENCE FOR LIFETIME PREDICTION AND SUSTAINABILITYSelection of papers from the 56 4 1701-1710 Intergranular corrosion; Stainless steel; Stabilizer effect; Segregation; Chromium Number of different sets of stabilized both ferritic and austenitic stainless steels with various alloying elements were evaluated to verify new findings on the intergranular corrosion mechanism. The intergranular segregation and precipitation were analyzed by using a transmission electron microscopy with an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and a laser assisted three-dimensional atom probe. On the basis of the current result, it is newly proposed that the intergranular corrosion occurring in the stabilized both ferritic and austenitic stainless steels is induced by Cr-depletion due to segregation of un-reacted Cr atoms around carbides of stabilizer elements (Ti or Nb) along the grain boundary, but not due to formation of Cr-carbide. A prevention method for this type of intergranular corrosion is also suggested after critical evaluation on the effect of Cr, C, and Ni. 0013-4686 no NU @ karnesky @ 11057
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Mao, Zugang; Kim, Yeong-Cheol; Lee, Hi-Deok; Adusumilli, Praneet; Seidman, David N. NiSi crystal structure, site preference, and partitioning behavior of palladium in NiSi(Pd)/Si(100) thin films: Experiments and calculations Journal Article 2011 Applied Physics Letters 99 1 013106 ab initio calculations; crystal structure; metallic thin films; nickel alloys; palladium alloys; silicon alloys; tomography; X-ray diffraction The crystal structure of a NiSi thin-film on a Si substrate and Pd site-substitution in NiSi and the partitioning behavior of Pd for NiSi(Pd)/Si(100) are investigated by x-ray diffraction (XRD), first-principles calculations, and atom-probe tomography (APT). The NiSi layer is a distorted orthorhombic structure from XRD patterns via experiments and calculations. We find that Pd has a strong driving force, 0.72 eV atom−1, for partitioning from Si into the orthorhombic NiSi layer. The calculated substitutional energies of Pd in NiSi indicate that Pd has a strong preference for Ni sublattice-sites, which is in agreement with concentration profiles determined by APT. Aip 0003-6951 no NU @ karnesky @ ref10.1063/1.3606536 11169
Permanent link to this record
 

 
Seol, J.; Lim, N.; Lee, B.; Renaud, L.; Park, C. Atom probe tomography and nano secondary ion mass spectroscopy investigation of the segregation of boron at austenite grain boundaries in 0.5 wt.% carbon steels Journal Article 2011 Metals and Materials International 17 3 413-416 Metallic Materials The grain boundary segregation of boron atoms in high strength low alloy steels containing 50 ppm boron was accomplished using atom probe tomography (APT) and nano-beam secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS). The formation of boro-carbides under an excessive addition of boron to the steels was identified through the SIMS and TEM. The APT was performed in order to evaluate the composition of the alloying elements, such as, boron and carbon, segregated at prior austenite grain boundaries. The boron contents at the prior austenite grain boundaries were approximately 1.7 ± 0.2 at.%, which was approximately 70 times more than the amount of boron added to the steels. The Korean Institute of Metals and Materials, co-published with Springer Netherlands 1598-9623 no NU @ karnesky @ 11171
Permanent link to this record
Select All    Deselect All
 |   | 
Details
   print

Personal tools
Seidman Group
Atom-Probe Tomography
Search
Quick Search: